history 17 midterm

history 17 midterm - Welfare capitalism was widespread...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Welfare capitalism was widespread among companies. It was a program that employers used to gain loyalty to companies instead of labor unions. This started around the 1920s when the automobile was emerging. Henry Ford of the Ford automobile took advantage of welfare capitalism as he lowered work for his employees to 8 hrs a day, $5 per day and as he controlled the workforce, controlling his workers and how they lived. The New Woman was the time during the 1920s when women began to have different lifestyles. They went from the traditional woman with expected roles of a woman during that time, to a “new woman” that moved up in the gender hierarchy. Many went to college, smoked cigarettes, dressed skimpy and enjoyed sex. Women had the opportunity to vote when the 19 th amendment was ratified. Women pressured Congress to pass laws to help women in factories and schools but Congress only made the Sheppard Towner Act which gave federal assistance to reduce maternal and infant morality. With time, women worked more and had increased earnings. They were able to take control of their bodies with birth control and many women became flappers The Sheppard Towner Act was enacted by Congress in the 1920s during the time of the New Woman. IT was significant in women’s history because it provided the needs of women and children with federal assistance. The purpose of this act was to reduce maternal and infant morality. Childbirth was the second leading cause of women’s death. Many children died too, due to family income. The Sheppard Towner Act provided funds for programs like health clinics for women and children and midwife training. ERA (Equal Rights Amendment) was what the Natural Woman’s Party fought for during the times of the New Women in the 1920s. The ERA was to guarantee equal rights under any law and women could not be denied due to sex. Even though the 19 th amendment was ratified and women were getting college education, the National Woman’s Party believed that few changes wouldn’t end the discrimination against women. Feminists wanted more and have equal rights of women and men through the US. Marcus Garvey was a Jamaican born visionary who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association in 1917. This was during the time of the “New Negro” when African Americans wanted equality and not be in the bottom of the caste system. Garvey insisted African Americans to be proud of who they are. His association helped African Americans to become independent from white people. He created the red, black and green UNIA flag representing black liberation and the UNIA created their shipping company, The Black Star Line, which helped transport black people to Africa. The company went bankrupt and Garvey was convicted of fraud. Nonetheless, Garvey’s actions made a great impact on the black race. The Scopes Trial took place in 1925.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 6

history 17 midterm - Welfare capitalism was widespread...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online