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history 17c paper 2

history 17c paper 2 - Kang Haira Esther History 17C R...

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Kang, Haira Esther History 17C, R 9-9:50am Paper Korean people’s freedom was limited in the United States because of the Johnson-Reed Act but as the immigration act began to alter it benefited Asians by allowing them to immigrate to the United States. Koreans took advantage of the change and their political and economic freedom was expanded when they got to the United States because there were new opportunities available to them that were considered unimaginable in Korea. Through researching from books, hearing personal stories and having my own personal experience, expose the reasons why Korean families long for the American Dream of a better life. Even though they faced discrimination, the United States was a better place for Koreans to live than for Koreans to live in their homeland. In 1924, Congress passed the Johnson-Reed Act, an immigration act stating that only certain number of people could enter the United States based on race. Asians could not enter the United States due to two provisions: they were not Caucasian and due to the quota. In 1924, only whites and native born nonwhites were able to obtain citizenship. The second provision was that each country received a yearly limit on the legal number of immigrants allowed in the United States based on what percentage each race was shown in the U.S. Census. Koreans did not have a large population to set a high quota which resulted to only one hundred Koreans being allowed to enter the United States per year. From 1910-1945, Koreans traveled to the United States with a Japanese passport which made them be counted as Japanese by the U.S. immigration officials. The Japanese was in control of Korea during this time. They controlled the government, the army, the police force and the economy. Koreans were denied jobs and they
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could not obtain an education (Bandon 1994, 16). Hopeless, they tried to escape by leaving to the United States as Koreans imagined the United States as place of freedom as life under the Japanese rule was difficult, “My father said it was much better in this country than suffering in Korea under the Japanese” (Bandon 1994, 20). Koreans who lived in the United States had an expanded freedom compared to being controlled by the Japanese in Korea. The 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act made by Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson got rid of the restrictive quotas assigned to countries. Twenty thousand people from each country were allowed to enter the United States per year. Thousands of Koreans immigrated and these thousands were a drastic change compared to the few hundred that were admitted to the United States before 1952; Koreans had limited freedom to enter the United States before this act was passed. During the 1960s to the 1970s, the South Korean government was under control by Chung Hee Park. He was able to control the South Koreans by threatening them about another war with North Korea. Citizens were being closely monitored every minute of the day. Everything in the media was censored, from textbooks to television programs.
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