Theme in three stories - 1 UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE MINAS...

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1 UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL DE MINAS GERAIS Faculdade de Letras Prose in English Student: Elen Luci Cabral de Campos Julio Jeha THEME IN THREE SHORT STORIES Introduction This work consists of an analysis of three short stories where it will be explored how is possible to realize their themes throughout the development of each one. According to Beaty and Hunter, “ Theme is the central idea or meaning of a story. It provides a unifying point around which the plot, characters, setting, point of view, symbols, and other elements of a story are organized” (p.243). The stories are: The lesson , by Toni Cade Bambara, The lady with the pet dog , by Anton Chekhov, and IND AFF , by Fay Weldon. The Lesson (Toni Cade Bambara) This story talks about Sylvia, who is the narrator and also a participant. She is a girl looking for her identity and not able, during the story, to realize what Miss Moore wants the show her: “She’d been to college and said it was only right that she should take responsibility for the young one’s education…” (p.179); Miss Moore considers herself a woman capable to teach the children of the neighborhood something else than what traditional school teaches. And how she made this? She took some children to a toy store named FAO Schwartz, which was a store where only riches were able to shop. And she, using the expensive toys as symbols , starts to show them the value of money. According to Beaty and Hunter, “A symbol is a person, object, or event that suggests more than its literal meaning.”(p.215). This is the resource that Bambara uses to lead us to the theme of the story. The paperweight (which costs $480), for example, symbolizes importance; it is to hold something that is valuable. The microscope, used to see “…thousands of bacterias in a drop of water… invisible to the naked eye.”(p.181), remits to the things that are not easy to
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2 be understood and noticed.
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