Module 23, 24 2-18-2010

Module 23, 24 2-18-2010 - Introductory Psychology TA...

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Introductory Psychology TA: Jennifer Wong February 18, 2010 Module 23: Thinking 1. Thinking/Cognition 1. Refers to a process that involves knowing, understanding, remembering and communicating 2. Cognitive Psychologists – Thinking involves a number of mental activities 1. Concepts – the mental grouping of similar objects, events, ideas or people 1. Allow us to communicate something easily 2. Category Hierarchies 3. Development of Concepts – used to describe definitions (triangle) as well as mental images (bird) 4. Prototype : the best explanation for a concept 5. Speeds up our processing of ideas (and judgment) 2. Problem solving 1. Trial and Error 2. Algorithms – very time consuming, exhaust all possibilities before arriving at a solution. Computers use algorithms. Plus side: will give you an answer eventually 3. Heuristics – simple, thinking strategies that allow us to make judgments and solve problems efficiency but expose you to more errors during solving (less time consuming) 1.
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