Module 1 1-7-10 - I n troductory Psychology Dr Cynthia...

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Introductory Psychology Dr. Cynthia Suveg January 7, 2010 The History and Scope of Psychology 1. What is Psychology? 1. Psychology’s Roots 1. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) theorized about a lot of psychology’s concepts. He suggested that the soul and body are not separate and that the experience can affect the mind and etc. 2. Wundt (1832-1920) – Physiology. Conducted what we think of as one of Psychology’s first experiments: he timed people from when they said when they heard something drop to when they were aware they heard something drop. 3. James (1842-1910) – physician who wrote one of the first psychology textbooks. Trained Mary Calkins. 4. Mary Calkins – worked in James’ lab in Harvard and outdid the male students. She was refused her degree because she was a woman. 5. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) – a physician. He and his followers emphasized the importance of the unconscious. 6. Behaviorists 1. I van Pavlov, Watson (1878-1958) and Skinner (1904-1990) – believed that what people are thinking doesn’t really matter as much as what they do . To learn about people and behavior, the trick is to observe.
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