Module 8 - Introductory Psychology Dr Cynthia Suveg Module 8 Infancy and Childhood-Physical Development-Cognitive Development-Emotional

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Introductory Psychology Dr. Cynthia Suveg January 21, 2010 Module 8: Infancy and Childhood - Physical Development -Cognitive Development -Emotional Development -Social Development No class on February 16 – on Memory Go see her after class to talk about being a note taker 1. Five Developmental Contexts: 1. Biological 2. Individual 3. Family 4. Social 5. Cultural * Infancy and childhood span from birth to the teenage years. During these years, the individual grows physically, cognitively and socially. 2. Physical Development 1. Infants’ psychological development depends on their biological development. To understand the emergence of motor skills and memory, we must understand the developing brain . 1. At birth, most brain cells are present. After birth, the neural networks multiply resulting in increased physical and mental abilities 2. Maturation 1. The development of the brain unfolds based on genetic instructions, causing various bodily and mental functions to occur in sequence—standing before walking, babbling before talking—this is called maturation . 2. Kids meet developmental milestones that mark how a child’s brain matures. If a developmental milestone is not met, further development cannot occur. (Hierarchical development) 3. Maturation sets the basic course of development, while experience adjusts it. (i.e. babies exposed to multiple languages develop great linguistically-based skills) 3. Temperament 1. Neurologically based precursor to personality (kind of) 2. Three types (Thomas and Chess) 1. Difficult: babies who would react strongly and negatively to novel things and people; take a lot of soothing in order to calm down 2. Easy: interested in new experiences; comforted quite easily 3. Slow-to-warm up: those who are a little hesitant in a new situation, but with a little encouragement, they do okay 3. Not permanent…depends on how that temperament is nurtured 3. Motor Development 1. Sitting unsupported – 6 months 2. Crawling – 8-9 months 3. Beginning to walk – 12 months
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Introductory Psychology Dr. Cynthia Suveg
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This note was uploaded on 10/31/2010 for the course PSYC 86-407 taught by Professor Vandellen during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Module 8 - Introductory Psychology Dr Cynthia Suveg Module 8 Infancy and Childhood-Physical Development-Cognitive Development-Emotional

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