Module 26 3-16-2010 - Introductory Psychology Dr. Cynthia...

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Introductory Psychology Dr. Cynthia Suveg March 16, 2010 Must know blue text! Module 26: Introduction to Motivation: Hunger In class activity on Thursday 1. Motivation 1. What is motivation? 1. The driving force behind our behavior 2. A need or desire that energizes behavior and directs it toward a goal. 2. Four perspectives used to explain motivation: 1. Instinct theory (replaced by the evolutionary perspective) 2. Drive-reduction theory – emphasizing interactions between inner pushes and external pulls – replaced the instinct theory once that collapsed 1. The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused state that drives the organism to reduce the need – the aim is homeostasis , the maintenance of a steady internal state 3. Arousal theory – emphasizing the urge for an optimum level of stimulation 1. The drive-reduction theory isn’t completely accurate. Some motivated behaviors increase arousal 2. Optimum arousal 1. Human motivation aims to seek optimum levels of arousal, not to eliminate it. Young monkeys and children are known to explore the environment in the absence of a need-based drive. 2. Having all our biological needs satisfied, we feel driven to experience stimulation. Lacking stimulation, we feel bored and look for a way to increase arousal to some optimum level. However, with too much stimulation comes stress, and we then look for a way to decrease arousal 3. Humans function best at a mid-arousal level. For instance, someone born with a naturally high arousal level would probably seek out fewer stimulating experiences than someone with a naturally low arousal would. 4.
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This note was uploaded on 10/31/2010 for the course PSYC 86-407 taught by Professor Vandellen during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Module 26 3-16-2010 - Introductory Psychology Dr. Cynthia...

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