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draft 2 with comments - Kristin Stegall Eng 101-121 K Wine...

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Kristin Stegall Eng 101-121 K. Wine Feb 4, 2008 A Rhetorical Analysis of a Scientific Report When a person analyses a scientific report, they can inquire and learn about the format of the report. The rhetorical purpose of this paper is to analyze a scientific report. The scientific report for this analysis is “Rescuing valuable genomes by animal cloning: A case for natural disease resistance in cattle”. This article, written by M. E. Westhusin, T. Shin, J. W. Templeton, R. C. Burghardt, and L. G. Adams, was published by the American Society of Animal Science in 2007. The rhetorical purpose of these authors is to inform the scientific community of new findings in their field of study. The report explains the process of cloning a bull to retain important genomes, specifically a genome that causes natural disease resistance to Brucella abortus (Westhusin, Shin, Templeton, Burghardt, & Adams, 2007). This report follows the IMRAD format with the exception of the analysis section which is included within the discussion section because the analysis and discussion are similar for this report. The report is in the IMRAD format (like many scientific reports) so that researchers can look up the information they need easily. The report begins with an overview of the entire report which is called the abstract. It summarizes the whole report within one paragraph. According to Kirscht and Schlenz (2002), the abstract is supposed to answer the question “What type of study, object, issue, method, results?” The abstract section in this report answers all of the following questions. It states clearly the object of study. “Here we report an example involving cattle and the rescue of a genome affording natural disease resistance” (Westhusin et al., 2007). The methods of the experiment are
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clear. There were fibroblast cell lines that were stored in liquid nitrogen that the researchers decided to use for somatic cell nuclear transfer to try to clone a bull with a valuable genotype (Westhusin et al., 2007). The results that came from the study were that “one calf survived to term” and it is now four and half years old (Westhusin et al., 2007). This abstract was a good
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draft 2 with comments - Kristin Stegall Eng 101-121 K Wine...

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