Lecture 8 Notes - Biological molecule that encodes genetic...

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Lecture 8 Notes “Cell cycle and cell division” I. A. Genetics - Scientific study of heredity - Study of genes through their variation B. Heredity - Genetic transmission of characteristic from parent to offspring - Biological similarity between parents and offspring C. Trait - Genetically inherited characteristic of an organism - Specific property of an organism D. Gene - Fundamental physical and functional unit of heredity - Segment of DNA located in a specific site on a chromosome E. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid)
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Unformatted text preview: - Biological molecule that encodes genetic information- Allows transmission of genetic information from one generation to the next F. Chromatin- A complex of uncondensed DNA and protein in eukaryotic cells II. Chromosomes- A complex of condensed DNA and protein in eukaryotic cells A. Centromere- Constricted part of the chromosome- Attachment point for the spindle fibers during mitosis/meiosis B. Chromatid- One of 2 duplicated chromosomes connected at the centromere...
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Lecture 8 Notes - Biological molecule that encodes genetic...

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