T1 essay - Word Count 1000 Melody Leung North Sydney Girls...

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Word Count: 1000 Melody Leung North Sydney Girls High School The claim of the Cartesian dualists states that “even though mental states have no spatial location, they can cause our bodies to move around”. Through this essay the reasons to why the claim is controversial, the possibilities of other things that have no spatial location which can move us and reasons to believe that the Cartesian dualists’ claim is true has been explored. As a dualist Descartes believes that the body and the mind are different in their existences. He defines the body to be of matter with “determinable shape and a definable location and can occupy a space in such a as way as to exclude any other body; it can be perceived by touch, sight, hearing, taste or smell and can be moved in various ways, not by itself but by whatever else comes into contact with it” (Rene Descartes, “Philosophical Writings of Descartes ”, p.22) On the other hand, he defines the mind (mental states) to be a ‘thinking thing’ which “doubts, understands, affirms, denies, is willing, is unwilling and also imagines and has sensory perceptions.” (Rene Descartes, “Philosophical Writings of Descartes ”, p.23) With the claim and the two definitions of body as matter and mental states as a thinking thing, Descartes states that the thinking thing and matter can come into contact with each other. In his claim he states that mental states cause the movement of our bodies, and in his definition of body he states it “can be moved in various ways…by whatever else comes into contact with it” (Rene Descartes, “Philosophical Writings of Descartes ”, Page 1 of 4
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