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Unformatted text preview: Leads t o neglect of L. Amer ica UNIT TWO, 1 Latin American Independence • Collision of People- Columbian Moment (discovery of New World by Columbus, exchange of all things from the Old World to the New World)- Native Americans- Europeans- Africans (slave trade: 33% Brazil compared to 13% U.S.)- Initiated exchange • Why Europeans?- 1500s: Growth of nations- Aggressive cultures- European worldview – linear (Europeans, progressive) vs. circular (L. Americans)- Science brings conquest (astronomy, navigation)- Greed – rise of capitalism in Europe • Iberians- Spanish and Portuguese- Put all facets together- Portugal – forefront of trade- Spread of Christianity- Used “Islamic ” technology • Why?- Spice trade- Gold - Glory- God • Columbian Moment- Landed Oct. 1492- Landed in the Bahamas – “La Navidad ”- Began the “exchange ” between Old World and New World • “Stepping Stones”- Spanish created island bases- Invaded and conquered large areas- Destroyed (war and disease) native populations • Conquistadors- Cortes – Mexico- Pizzaro – Peru- De Leon – Puerto Rico UNIT TWO, 2- Balboa – Pacific Ocean- Conquest of “ core regions” ended in late 1500s T rans Atlantic Slave T rade • New labor- 1510 – Spain authorized trade to “New World”- Sugar plantations- 66% cross in 18 th century o Full production o Brazil (33%) o Thirteen colonies (6%)- Iberians built society based upon white rule • Challenge for Latin America- 1600s – Dutch, English, and French- English conquered Jamaica (1655)- Dutch were a maritime power- Turned Caribbean into a microcosm of larger struggles o Franco-Spanish War (1635-1659) o Grand War of Alliance (1689-1697) • New Phase of Colonialism- Powerful militaries (English, French, Dutch) hurt connection with colonies- Greater autonomy for Iberian colonies – emergence of Creole society engaged in running colonies • Creoles-...
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This note was uploaded on 11/01/2010 for the course ACC ACC 212 taught by Professor Headley,c during the Fall '09 term at Excelsior.
- Fall '09
- Managerial Accounting