Domesticity -...

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A movement  known as "the cult of true womanhood" or the ideology of separate  spheres or simply domesticity.  This system of ideas took hold in the 19th century as the United  States was coming into its own as an independent nation, men and women were treated as  complete opposites with almost no common human traits. Man was considered active,  dominant, assertive, and materialistic, and while women was religious, modest, passive,  submissive and domestic. Alexis de Tocqueville noted: American women never conducted business, took part in  politics, manage the outward concerns of the family. Nor are they ever compelled to perform  the field labor, which demands harsh physical labor. No family was too poor to make an  exception to this rule. The idea of true womanhood has several basic concepts. Women worked exclusively in  the realm of home, family and childrearing. They did not consider childrearing as work but as  an effortless expression of the feminine nature. The home was considered a haven in a  heartless world, where men could find solace. Women were considered natural teachers and  underlined the feminization of the teaching profession in the early nineteenth century.  Ironically, there were more women who were literate and graduating from high school from 
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This note was uploaded on 11/01/2010 for the course HIST 525 taught by Professor Brockley during the Spring '09 term at Jackson State.

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Domesticity -...

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