9-24 The Agricultural Revolution

9-24 The Agricultural Revolution - T he Agricultural...

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The Agricultural Revolution 1) Agricultural Transition began 10-12 thousand years ago. a. Occurred in the fertile crescent b. Occurred after the end of the last ice age c. Called the Neolithic revolution i. “New Stone Age” ii. From hunter gatherers to agriculture w/ some hunting iii. Gradual shift d. Possibly the result of overhunting of large game e. Beginning of permanent settlements f. Diffusionism – Agriculture started in Mesopotamia and spread to other areas. Not true 2) Early dry farming (10000-7500 years ago) a. Used irrigation i. Important because requires cooperation (states) 3) Increasing specialization (7500-5500 years ago) a. Wheat and barley first domesticated b. Dogs domesticated around 11000 years ago c. Cats domesticated a few thousand years later to protect food from rats 4) Origin of States a. Sumeria b. Large populations and surplus labor i. Specialization
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5) Wild and Domesticated Species a. Domestication- genetic change that manipulates genes to select for specific traits that increase its usability. b.
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This note was uploaded on 11/01/2010 for the course ANTH 1102 taught by Professor Gonzalez during the Fall '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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9-24 The Agricultural Revolution - T he Agricultural...

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