9-27 Anthropology

9-27 Anthropology - A nthropology 9/27/10 A) Subsistence a....

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Anthropology 9/27/10 A) Subsistence a. System of economic production b. Similar environmental and economic factors contribute to similar systems of production (Mongolian and American West Herders are very similar) c. No one strategy is better or worse than one another B) Foraging a. All humans foraged prior to agricultural revolution b. Rely on wild plants and animals i. Hunting, gathering, and fishing c. Survives where difficult to produce food with simple technologies or want specialized foods C) Pastoralism a. Reliance on livestock production i. Meat, milk, blood b. Live symbiotically c. Supplement with foraging, cultivation, and trade d. Live in marginal environments e. 2 Types: i. Nomadic 1. Entire community moves with the herds all year 2. Rely heavily on trade a. Can’t produce things for themselves
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3. Example: Tauregs in Mali; Bedouin in Middle East ii. Transhumance 1. Only part of community moves with herds 2. Also have permanent villages with crops a. Example: Basque (France, Spain); Turkana (Kenya)
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9-27 Anthropology - A nthropology 9/27/10 A) Subsistence a....

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