10-1 Complex Societies

10-1 Complex Societies - Complex societies A) Social...

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Complex societies A) Social Complexity a. Social stratification b. Specialization c. Different economic/subsistence strategies d. Definition: Large, with extensive division of labor and occupation specialization B) Why? a. Reaction to vertical and horizontal complexity b. All societies have a degree of complexity past basics c. Scale, complexity and integration of different groups C) Characteristics a. Political centralization with hierarchy b. Large size and large population c. Intensification of subsistence production d. Trade and exchange and markets e. Monumental construction (large buildings, fortresses, etc.) f. Social stratification g. Appearance of religion and idealogy i. Hegemony - Things that make you act the way you act without you realizing why it’s happening. Subconscious D) What is the Archaeological Evidence for Social Complexity? a. Settlement Patterns and Site Hierarchies
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i. Distribution of ceramics and architecture from regional surveys 1. Assumed to represent administrative hierarchy
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10-1 Complex Societies - Complex societies A) Social...

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