10-13 Language and Symbolism

10-13 Language and Symbolism - L anguage and Symbolism A...

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Language and Symbolism A) Story of India a. Mantras – possibly the oldest known language i. Possibly derived from birdsong b. Sanskrit – Connecting Indian and European languages B) Languages are Communication Systems a. Call Systems – Sounds that relate to environmental stimuli i. Humans – laughing, sobbing, crying, screaming, etc. ii. Vervet monkeys - b. Symbolic – learned meanings, unique i. Spoken and written language ii. Didn’t evolve out of all call systems 1. Coevolved C) What makes human language unique? a. Openness – describes new experiences and phenomena b. Displacement – talk about things that aren’t present or don’t physically exist i. Emotions, future, historic activities c. Arbitrariness – No link between particular linguistic sounds and their meanings i. For example “/boi/” (boy sounds) means different things in different languages d. Duality of Patterning – words have sounds and meaning that go together i. Sounds:
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1. Phoneme – smallest unit of sound that changes meaning a. In English, it’s the sound: /p/it; /b/it; /s/it.
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