10-15 Language and the Natural World

10-15 Language and the Natural World - L anguage and the...

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Language and the Natural World A) Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis a. Structural differences between language systems will be paralleled by cognitive differences in the native speakers of the two languages. b. The structure of a native language strongly influences the world view acquired while learning language. c. The cognitive differences that result from different languages are significant. d. Language predetermines the way we and understand the world around us B) Language and Culture: Color perception a. Do all languages define the same “basic color terms?” and does language determine the colors that we can discriminate? b. Some cultures talk about only a few colors (light and dark) i. No, people can still discern subtle variations c. Conclusion: i. Perception of color is universal (biological) 1. Visual and neurological basis – all eyes see the same color ii. Category distinctions are variable (cultural) 1. Focal vocabulary: Gender, profession C) Focal Vocabularies a.
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10-15 Language and the Natural World - L anguage and the...

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