History of Plant Pathology

History of Plant Pathology - H istory of Plant Pathology 1)...

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History of Plant Pathology 1) 1800 BC a. First records of plant disease appeared in the Bible on cereal crops/grasses i. Blights, blasts (rusts), mildews ii. Amos 4:9; Deuteronomy 28:22 2) 500-320 BC a. Plant diseases in writings of Greek philosophers – Aristotle/Theophrastus b. Examples: i. The sun is responsible for disease ii. Cereals are more susceptible to rust than other crops iii. Cultivated trees are susceptible to disease but not wild trees iv. Some diseases are common to all plants while others have specific hosts v. Plants on low lying land are more prone to rust vi. Rust occurs mainly at full moon 3) 320 BC – 476 AD a. Plant diseases reported by Gaius Plinius Secundus (23-79 AD) in Rome i. Author of Naturalis historia and philosopher 1. Wheat more susceptible to rust than barley 2. The sun played no part in disease ii. During this period, the following were recommended: 1. Plant wheat early to allow maturation before rust appeared
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2. Place laurel branches in soil so that rust would go to it rather than
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History of Plant Pathology - H istory of Plant Pathology 1)...

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