Pre-famine Ireland

Pre-famine Ireland - ANTH/PATH 2010 PLANTS PATHOGENS AND...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
ANTH/PATH 2010 PLANTS, PATHOGENS AND PEOPLE Pre-famine Life in Ireland Brief history of Irish/British interactions 7,000 BC - Ireland inhabited by hunter-gatherers and fishermen 6 th century BC - Celts arrived from Europe - Iron age 5 th century A.D. - Christianity established through missionary work by St. Patrick
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1169 AD – Normans from England and Wales conquered Irish and brought Common Law – ownership of property vs. Irish way – ownership by extended family/clans/tribes Brehon Law (Original Irish Way) Land was common property owned by tribe as individuals died it reverted to the tribe for reassignment few families owned private land until the arrival of the Normans in the 12 th century over time this system eroded and individuals owned private land as they died the land was divided amongst the next of kin led to land fragmentation 1367 – Statutes of Kilkenny: English settlers were adopting Irish culture and ways. 35 acts passed to prevent the mixing of English and Irish e.g. marriage between Normans and Irish was prohibited 1530s - King Henry VIII broke away from Catholic Church & established himself as head of Church of England. Many Irish remained Catholic Religious majority ruled by Protestant minority 1601 - after defeating Irish and Spanish, British established a strong government in Dublin British had a policy of removing Irish from land and replacing them with Protestant settlers Colonists were given large estates. 1641. - Irish rebelled against Welsh but were defeated and driven off 11 million acres 1690. - Penal laws - intended to remove power from Catholic majority
Image of page 2
Irish Catholics could not: own a gun or sword be educated enter a profession vote hold public office practice religion engage in trade buy land receive land as a gift or inherit land rent land worth > 30 shillings/year own a horse worth > £5 educate children 1800 - Irish Parliament was brought under British parliament in Dublin. Only Irish Protestants were allowed to be MPs. 1829 - Irish Catholics won the right to be in British Parliament Pre-famine Social Structure Class was a significant aspect of social structure Ascendancy Class English and Anglo-Irish land owners: wealthy aristocracy owned most of the land and had power over tenants lived in England; had little interest in land or tenants except for rent Middlemen administered property on behalf of landowners Collected rent/evicted tenants etc…
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Middle-sized landowners o Cottiers - small land owners o Landless laborers (25% of population) – bound; unbound workers Bound workers contracted to work certain number of days for a mud cabin, a small plot of land (conacre) and other privileges produced corn, oats, pork, and dairy etc. for rent.
Image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern