The Irish Potato Famine

The Irish Potato Famine - The I rish Potato Famine A Famine...

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Unformatted text preview: The I rish Potato Famine A) Famine a. Occurred between 1845 and 1850 – severe famine for Ireland b. Starvation and death of 1.5 million people c. Emigration of 1 million to North America d. >25% reduction in the population B) Causes of the I rish Potato Famine a. Late Blight of Potato – Phytopthora Infestans i. First famine t riggered by a plant disease ii. Fungi b. Historical Social and political relations between I rish and English i. Historical conflict and issues C) Concepts of Famine and Starvation a. Most direct significant impact of plant diseases on humans i. Reduction of quantity of food 1. Resulting in malnutrition, starvation, and death b. Many countries are on the brink of starvation and disruption in food supply can result in famine D) Characteristics of at risk countries a. Large Populations that are increasing rapidly with high density b. Poverty stricken c. Non-industrialized d. Economy based on COMMERCIAL agriculture e. Political unrest f. At risk countries: Bangladesh, India, Brazil, Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan E) Many famines have occurred throughout history a. 1845 – I rish Potato Famine b. 1943 – Bengal Famine – 1.5 million deaths because of fungal disease that attacked r ice c. 1972-74 – Ethiopian Famine – d. 1998 – South Sudan – 70-100 thousand deaths due to drought and civil war F) Starvation vs Famine a. Starvation: Health condition that results from severe or total lack of nutrients needed to maintain life i. Low or declining levels of food consumption ii. Does not necessarily involve death iii. Related to food intake but not food availability iv. Prolonged starvation leads to death b. Famine: an extreme collapse in local availability and access of food that causes a widespread rise in mortality from outright starvation or hunger related illness c. Problem with definition: i. Widespread mortality must occur before food shortage is considered a famine 1. Many governments and humanitarians wait to respond until it is too late d.d....
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The Irish Potato Famine - The I rish Potato Famine A Famine...

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