CHAPTER%2001

CHAPTER%2001 - Important Read Before Using Slides in Class...

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Important – Read Before Using Slides in Class Instructor: This PowerPoint presentation contains photos and figures from the text, as well as selected animations and videos. For animations and videos to run properly, we recommend that you run this PowerPoint presentation from the PowerLecture disc inserted in your computer. To run the animations on these slides please click on the icon on each still. If you prefer to customize the presentation or run it without the PowerLecture disc inserted, the animations and videos will only run properly if you also copy the associated animation and video files for each chapter onto your computer. Follow these steps: 1. Go to the disc drive directory containing the PowerLecture disc, and then to the “Media” folder, and then to the “PowerPoint_Lectures” folder. 2. In the “PowerPoint_Lectures” folder, copy the entire chapter folder to your computer. Chapter folders are named “chapter1”, “chapter2”, etc. Each chapter folder contains the PowerPoint Lecture file as well as the animation and video files. For assistance with copying the slide and video files, please visit our Technical Support at www.cengage.com/support or call (800) 423-0563. Thank you.
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1 The Foundations of Chemistry
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3 1. Matter and Energy 2. Chemistry – A Molecular View of Matter 3. States of Matter 4. Chemical and Physical Properties 5. Chemical and Physical Changes 6. Mixtures, Substances, Compounds, and Elements 7. Measurements in Chemistry 8. Units of Measurement Chapter Goals
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4 1. Use of Numbers 2. The Unit Factor Method (Dimensional Analysis) 3. Percentage 4. Density and Specific Gravity 5. Heat and Temperature 6. Heat Transfer and the Measurement of Heat Chapter Goals
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5 Chemistry Science that describes matter – its properties, the changes it undergoes, and the energy changes that accompany those processes Matter Anything that has mass and occupies space. Energy The capacity to do work or transfer heat. Scientific (natural) law A general statement based the observed behavior of matter to which no exceptions are known. Matter and Energy - Vocabulary
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6 Natural Laws Law of Conservation of Mass Law of Conservation of Energy Law of Conservation of Mass and Energy Einstein’s Thoery of Relativity E=mc 2
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7 Scientific Method Observation Hypothesis Observation or experiment Theory Observation or experiment Law
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8 A Molecular View Dalton’s Atomic Theory Dalton’s atomic theory summarized the nature of matter as known in 1808 1) An element is composed of extremely small indivisible particles called atoms. 2) All atoms of a given element have identical properties, which differ from those of other elements. 3)
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This note was uploaded on 11/01/2010 for the course CHEM 1211 taught by Professor Atwood during the Fall '07 term at UGA.

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CHAPTER%2001 - Important Read Before Using Slides in Class...

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