Roman+Civilization - Roman Civilization Periodizing Roman...

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Roman Civilization
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Periodizing Roman History Roman Republic = Senate powerful Roman Empire = Emperor powerful
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Pre-Roman Civilization Etruscans Native inhabitants of Italy
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Etruscans Livy: History of Rome , c. 10 CE “The Etruscans as a nation were distinguished above all others by their devotion to religious observances, because they excelled in the knowledge and conduct of them ....
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Indo-European Invasion Italic Speaking People Invasion, assimilation Co-existence
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Romans 509 BCE I. Roman Republic (509 BCE – 31 BCE) City of Rome 8th BCE
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Roman Politics Forum = Agora Senate Senators 300 Kings and Imperium
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Class Conflict Citizenship & Participation: 509-343 BCE Patricians = upper class Plebeians = lower class Tribunes
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Slavery Spartacus 109 BCE-71 BCE Soldier Slave Gladiator 73 BCE with 70 gladiators Ravaging Rome Support from Slave Pompey: victor
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Roman Expansion Punic Wars Roman Republic & Carthaginian Kingdom 3 wars Second war Attack on Rome Hannibal
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Second Punic War 218 BC – 201 BC Hannibal: Carthaginian general Scipio Africanus: Roman General Battle of Zama 202 BCE: End of Carthaginian
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Mediterranean Sea mare nostrum = “our sea”
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Roman Society Paterfamilias = man of the house money life & death Slaves Sell family into slavery
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Roman Culture Bath Houses: function?
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