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Unformatted text preview: Lauren Fitzsimmons Organizational Psychology Greenberg and Baron Module 2 Terms Chapter 6 Prejudice : negative attitudes toward the members of specific groups, based solely on the fact that they are members of those groups (e.g. age, race, sexual orientation). Organizational demography : The nature of the composition of a workforce with respect to various characteristics (e.g., age, gender, ethnic makeup, etc.). Stereotypes : Beliefs that individuals posses certain characteristics because of their membership in certain groups. Discrimination : The behavior consistent with a prejudicial attitude; the act of treating someone negatively because of his or her membership in a specific group. Affirmative action laws : legislation designed to give employment opportunities to groups that have been underrepresented in the workforce, such as women and members of minority groups. Diversity management programs : Programs in which employees are taught to celebrate the differences between people and in which organizations create supportive work environments for women and minorities. Skills-based diversity training : An approach to diversity management that goes beyond awareness-based diversity training and is designed to develop peoples skills with respect to managing diversity. Chapter 8 Terms Group Dynamics : The social science field focusing on the nature of groups- the factors governing their formation and development, the elements of their structure, and their interrelationships with individuals, other groups, and organizations Group : a collection of two or more interacting individuals who maintain stable patterns of relationships, share common goals, and perceive themselves as being a group. Formal groups : groups that are created by the organization, intentionally designed to direct its members toward some organizational goal. Command group : a group determined by the connections between individuals who are a formal part of the organization(I.e. those who legitimately can give orders to others). Task group : A formal organizational group formed around some specific task. Standing committees : committees that are permanent, existing over time. Ad hoc committee (task force) : a temporary committee formed for a special purpose. I nformal groups : groups that develop naturally among people, without any direction from the organization within which they operate. I nterest groups : a group of employees who come together to satisfy a common interest. F riendship groups : informal groups that develop because their members are friends, often seeing each other outside the organization. Five staged model : the conceptualization claiming that groups develop in five stages- forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning Punctuated equilibrium mode: the conceptualization of group development claiming that groups generally plan their activities during the first half of their time together, and then revise and implement their plans in the second half....
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- Spring '09