Study Guide Org Psych

Study Guide Org Psych - ORG PSYCH PSY267: EXAM 3 STUDY...

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ORG PSYCH PSY267: EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE A. POWER AND LEADERSHIP What is leadership? What is power? How do they relate? o Leadership : a social process through which an individual intentionally exedrts influence over others to structure their behaviors and relationships. Requires some type of power o Power: Potential influence over the attitudes and behaviors of others. o TO BE EFFECTIVE LEADERS NEED SOME POWER AT THEIR DISPOSAL, HOWEVER, MORE POWER DOES NOT ALWAYS LEAD TO MORE EFFECTIVE LEADERSHIP According to French and Raven, what are the 5 Bases of Power? o Legitimate Power Conferred on a person by his/her position in the organization “Authority” o Reward Power Exists when an individual controls the rewards of other people. o Coercive Power Exists when an individual controls the punishment of others ((( Legit. Reward. And Coercive Power))) all coexist deal with place in the org. o Expert Power Held by those who have specific expertise or proficiencies. Expert power can balance legitimate power in the hierarchy (ex. IT guy in the organization. . CEO’s comp breaks they immediately depend on them.) o Referent Power
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Gained when one is shown respect and admiration by others. Can be obtained by anyone regardless of position What are the historical perspectives on leadership? o When did the Trait Theory come about? What are the key ideas of this theory? Trait Theory Trait theory (1930’s-1940’s) : focused on identifying individual characteristics that made people good leaders… ex. Appearance physical, gender, physical energy. Stogdill (1948): big review, concluded few traits predicted effective leadership Interest in traits re-emerged in the 1970’s o came up with: trait’s don’t necessarily predict effective leadership, but they DO predict LEADER EMERGENCE Intelligence, dominance, masculine orientation, behavioral flexibility, self-efficacy, extraversion, conscientiousness. o When did the Behavior Theories occur? What are the highlights of this theory? Behavior theories (1950’s) : focused on identifying what leaders actually do IS and Consideration are not two ends of a continuum, leaders can be high or low in both. Most effective leaders probably high in both, but the results are mixed. Sometimes high IS leaders seem more effective, and sometimes high consideration leaders seem more effective. What are the Ohio State Studies? Define initiating structure and consideration. “ohio state studies” categorized leader behaviors into 2 broad dimensions o Initiating structure: behaviors through which leaders define their roles and their subordinates’ roles in achieving goals (a.k.a task- oriented behaviors) o Consideration: supportive actions that show concern and respect for subordinates (a.k.a relationship-oriented behaviors). EXAMPLES (bottom pg. 2)
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o What is important about Fiedler’s Contingency Theory? States: leader effectiveness depends on the extent to which the leader’s
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Study Guide Org Psych - ORG PSYCH PSY267: EXAM 3 STUDY...

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