Study Guide Psych 216 Final

Study Guide Psych 216 Final - 1. Allport terms to know: a....

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1. Allport terms to know: a. Ideographic Personality i. Intensive investigation of personality b. Definition of Personality i. Dynamic organization withing the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his characteristic behavior ii. Becoming 1. Striving toward unity c. Origins of Traits i. Proprium 1. The self d. Traits i. Central Traits 1. Control behavior in most situations but less comprehensive than cardinal ii. Cardinal Traits 1. Central traits that occasionally becomes an apparent dominant force 2. Motivations for most all behavior iv. Secondary traits 1. Peripheral characteristics that exert little control over behavior v. As a person grows, traits become functionally autonomous 1. No longer need that which cause the trait to develop e. Proprium/Evolution of Self i. Bodily Self (0-2yrs)
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1. Physical senses ii. Self Identity (0-12yrs); continuity/sameness 1. Established human being iii. Self Esteem (2-4yrs); worth 1. One’s worth iv. Self Extension (4-6yrs); possessions, family, country 1. Central to one’s existence v. Self Image (4-6yrs); approval of others vi. Self as Rational Coper (6-12yrs); problem solver vii.Propriate striving (12+ yrs); motivate toward long range goals viii. Self as Knower; integrated sense of self f. Jenny Grove Masterson letters g. Personal Values Scale i. Theoretical 1. Discovery of truth ii. Economic 1. Being practical iii. Aesthetic 1. Form and harmony iv. Social 1. Altruistic love of other v. Political 1. dominance vi. Religious 1. unity
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2. Eysenck’s terms to know: a. Definition of personality i. A more or less stable and enduring organization of person’s character, temperament, intellect, and physique, which determines his unique adjustment to the enivroment. 1. Character – denotes a person’s more or less stbale and enduring system of conative behavior. i.e. Will 2. Temperamentt – his more or less stable and enduring system of affective behavior. i.e. Emotion 3. Intellect – his more less stable and enduring system of cognitive behavior. i.e. Intelligence 4. Physique – his more or less stable and enduring system of bodily configuration and neuroendocrine endowment ii. Emphasized traits which, when clustered together, are organized as types b. PEN model i. Hierarchially organized that consists of types, traits, and habits. 1. Types – most abstract. Based on a set of observed intercorrelations among various traits. a. Psychoticism (P) b. Extraversion (E) c. Neurtoixism (N) 2. Traits – inferred from intercorrelations among habitual responses 3. Habitual responses – based on specific observable responses
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ii. I.E. Evtraversion Sociablilty Going to Parties Talking to People at Parties c. The nurture/nature balance of his typology i. Introversion/Extroversion 1. Extraverts – sociable and impulsive individuals who like excitement and who are oriented toward external reality 2. Introverts – quiet introspective individuals who are oriented
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Study Guide Psych 216 Final - 1. Allport terms to know: a....

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