Glossary - 11/4/10 Developmental Reading Glossary Compiled...

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Unformatted text preview: 11/4/10 Developmental Reading Glossary Compiled by: Chelsea Valentine P ic tu r e 3 11/4/10 Affix: a morpheme or meaningful part of a word attached before or after a root or base word to modify its meaning; a category that includes prefixes and suffixes. Alphabetic Principle: the use of letters and letter combinations to represent phonemes in an orthography. 11/4/10 Auditory Discrimination: the ability to hear similarities and differences between sounds as they occur in spoken words. Base Word: A word to which prefixes and/or suffixes are added to create new but related words. It is the simplest member of a word family. Example: direct; adding the prefix re- makes it redirect, while adding the suffix ion makes it direction. 11/4/10 Bound Morpheme: A morpheme, usually of Latin origin in English, that cannot stand alone but is used to form a family of words with related meanings. A bound root (such as fer ) has meaning only in combination with a prefix and/or a suffix. Breve: an orthographic symbol placed above vowel graphemes to indicate pronunciation. Pre- as in prefix, predate, preface-ed as in formed, worded, caused Un- as is untold, undone, unload 11/4/10 Circumflex: an orthographic symbol placed above vowel graphemes to indicate pronunciation. Compound Word: A word made up of two or more base words. 11/4/10 Consonant Blend: sounds in a syllable represented by two or more letters that are blended together without losing their own identity. Example: st reet, /s/ /t/ Consonants: sounds represented by any letter of the English alphabet except a, e, i, o, and u. Consonants are sounds that are made by closing or restricting the breath channel. Examples: b, c, d, f, h, j, k, l, etc. 11/4/10 Critical Reading: refers to a type of reading in which the reader evaluates or judges the accuracy and truthfulness of the content. Dialect: a social or regional variety of a particular language with phonological, grammatical, and lexical patterns that distinguish it from other varieties. 11/4/10 Dialogue Journal: a journal in which the student reacts to or makes observations about reading selections and the teacher responds by writing in the journal. Diphthong: a single vowel sound made up of a blend of two vowel sounds in immediate sequence and pronounced in one syllable. Example: /oi/ in oil and boy 11/4/10 Dictation: the process of recounting an experience or a story orally and having someone else write down the words. Digraph: two letters that stand for a single phoneme. Example: th in /th/ 11/4/10 Directed reading thinking activity: an adaptation of the guided reading lesson in which readers use preview and prediction strategies to set their own purposes for reading....
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2010 for the course ECI 4 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Old Dominion.

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Glossary - 11/4/10 Developmental Reading Glossary Compiled...

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