final exam - Chelsea Valentine May 10, 2010 HIS 102 Final...

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Chelsea Valentine May 10, 2010 HIS 102 Final Exam Essay Questions Discuss the concept of the ‘middle-class’ and its relation to the Industrial Revolution. During the course of Western Civilization history, there were two major industrial revolutions that took place – the first one occurring in the late 18 th century while the second took place in the second half of the 19 th century. An important factor in both of these historical instances, however, is the middle class and the role this group played in the Industrial Revolution. Primarily occurring in England, this first revolution saw not only the development of such things as the cotton gin, but the industrial middle class also emerged at this time. Also known as the bourgeoisie, this class was made up of primarily those individuals involved in commerce, lawyers, teachers, and government officials. In this “second” revolution, the middle class consisted of about 15% of Europe’s population and this class consisted of a variety of groups. The upper middle class was made up of those individuals fortunate enough to be landowners. Below this was a group that consisted primarily of professionals in law, medicine, and well-to-do merchants. The lower middle class was primarily small shopkeepers, traders, and manufacturers. While the middle class did not constitute a large portion of European society, this group played a vital role in the development of the Industrial Revolution. During this
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2010 for the course EDHL 3534 taught by Professor Staff during the Summer '07 term at Virginia Tech.

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final exam - Chelsea Valentine May 10, 2010 HIS 102 Final...

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