Basic_Organic_Nomenclature - Basic Organic Nomenclature...

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View Full Document Right Arrow Icon Basic Organic Nomenclature Brief Procedure for Naming Most Compounds 1. Find parent chain (longest continuous carbon chain). 2. Combine name for number of carbons with appropriate functional group ending. Do this by determining what the name would be for a hydrocarbon with the same number of carbons in the parent chain; then drop the final e from the hydrocarbon name and replace it with the functional group name. For example, CH3CH2OH is ethanol; this name is derived by dropping e from ethane (two carbons, no double or triple bonds in carbon chain) and replacing it with ol for alcohol. 3. Number chain from end closest to functional group to identify location of functional group. 4. Any atoms left over are substituents; number chain as for functional group to identify point of attachment of substituent to parent chain. If the parent chain was already numbered for the functional group position, use these same numbers for the parent chain carbons. The substituent
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Basic_Organic_Nomenclature - Basic Organic Nomenclature...

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