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EOC_ch02

Essential Environment: The Science behind the Stories (3rd Edition)

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Chapter 2 Testing Your Comprehension 1 Ethics encompasses the study of good and bad, right and wrong, and of sets of moral principles or values. Classical ethical standards include virtue (the just and equal treatment of individuals), the categorical imperative (to treat others as you’d want to be treated), and utility (to produce the greatest practical benefit for the largest number of people). Environmental ethics applies ethical standards to environmental problems. 2 Anthropocentrism is a human-centered view of our relationship with the environment. Biocentrism ascribes values based on the effects of actions on all living things. Ecocentrism ascribes values based on consideration of entire systems, for instance an entire ecosystem, including its abiotic components as well as its biotic components. The Mirrar Clan has a decidedly ecocentric environmental perspective. 3 John Muir advocated for the preservation ethic, which holds that we should protect the natural environment in its pristine, unaltered state. The conservation ethic , championed by Gifford Pinchot, says we should put natural resources to use but to manage them wisely. 4 Aldo Leopold’s land ethic views humans and the land as members of the same community, and argues that this community should be regarded and treated ethically.
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