Anthropology chapter 2

Anthropology chapter 2 - Anthropology chapter 2 Evolution...

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Anthropology chapter 2 Evolution and natural selection Essentialism Plato Universe and everything has always existed Each thing has a core of unchanging features – idea unites all varieties Great chain of being Aristotle built on essentialism Basis for Judeo-Christian beliefs 3 principles o continuity – there is an overlap across species but species still contain their essence, look similar yet are different o plentitude – world is full of animals, every possible logical animal has been created by god o unilinear graduation – we are all on the same plane and we are ranked, minerals, plants, animals, man, demons, angels, god man is physical and spiritual - a hybrid New ideas arose during renaissance world could be understood through observation o Galen and Da Vinci: human dissections Geocentric (earth is the center) vs heliocentric (sun is the center) universe o Copernicus – mathematically proved earth revolved around the sun o Galileo – telescope o Called the first insult to humanity Young earh hypothesis
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Anthropology chapter 2 - Anthropology chapter 2 Evolution...

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