Chapter 1 Outline

Chapter 1 Outline - Chapter 1 Outline PSYC 201 F18 1 What...

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Chapter 1 Outline PSYC 201: F18 1) What Is Psychology? a) Psychology’s Roots i) Psychological Science Is Born (1) “Atoms of the mind”- the fastest and simplest mental processes (2) “Magellan’s of the mind”- pioneering psychologists (a) Wilhelm Wundt, Charles Darwin, Ivan Pavlov, Sigmund Freud, Jean Piagent, and William James (3) Psychology was defined is “the science of mental life” until the 1920s. (4) Psychology was redefined by John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner as “the scientific study of observable behavior.” (5) Behaviorism- the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes. (6) Humanistic psychology- historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people; used personalized methods to study personality in hopes of fostering personal growth. (7) Cognitive neuroscience- the study of brain activity underlying thought (8) Psychology- the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. (a) Behavior is anything an organism does- any action we can observe and record. (b) Mental processes are the internal, subjective experiences we infer from behavior. b) Contemporary Psychology i) Psychology’s Bid Question (1) Nature-nurture issue- the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. ii) Psychology’s Three Main Levels Of Analysis
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(1) Levels of analysis- the differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon. (a) Biological influences: (i) Natural selection of adaptive physiology and behaviors (ii) Genetic predispositions responding to environment (iii)Brain mechanisms (iv) Hormonal influences (b) Psychological influences: (i) Learned fears and other learned expectations (ii) Emotional responses (iii)Cognitive processing and perceptual interpretations (c) Social-cultural influences: (i) Presence of others (ii) Cultural, societal, and family expectations (iii)Peer and other group influences
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This note was uploaded on 11/02/2010 for the course PSYC 201 taught by Professor Unknown during the Fall '08 term at Muskegon CC.

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Chapter 1 Outline - Chapter 1 Outline PSYC 201 F18 1 What...

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