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Chapter 4 Outline - Chapter 4 Outline PSYC 201 F18 1...

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Chapter 4 Outline PSYC 201: F18 1) Developing Through the Life Span a) Developmental psychology- a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span. b) Prenatal Development and the Newborn i) Conception ii) Prenatal Development (1) Zygote- the fertilized egg; it enters a 2-week period of rapid cell division and develops into an embryo. (2) Embryo- the developing human organism from about two weeks after fertilization through the second month. (3) Fetus- the developing human organism from nine weeks after conception to birth. (4) Teratogens- agents, such as chemicals and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm. (5) Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)- physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant women’s heavy drinking. iii) The Competent Newborn c) Infancy and Childhood i) Physical Development (1) Brain Development (a) Maturation- biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience. (2) Motor Development (3) Maturation and Infant Memory ii) Cognitive Development (a) Cognition- all the mental activates associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.
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(b) Schema- a concept or framework that organizes and interprets information.
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