Chapter 8 Outline

Chapter 8 Outline - Chapter 8 Outline PSYC 201: F18 1)...

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PSYC 201: F18 1) Memory a) The Phenomenon of Memory i) Memory- the persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information. b) Studying Memory: Information-Processing Models i) Encoding- the processing of information into the memory system. ii) Storage- the retention of encoded information over time. iii) Retrieval- the process of getting information out of memory storage. iv) Sensory memory- the immediate, very brief recording of sensory information in the memory system. v) Short-term memory- activated memory that holds a few items briefly, such as the seven digits of a phone number while dialing, before the information is stored or forgotten. vi) Long-term memory- the relatively permanent and limitless storehouse of the memory system. vii)Working memory- a newer understanding of short-term memory that involves conscious, active processing of incoming auditory and visual-spatial information, and of information retrieved from long-term memory. c) Encoding: Getting Information In i) How We Encode (1) Automatic Processing (a) Automatic processing- unconscious encoding of incidental information, such as space, time, and frequency, and of well-learned information, such as word meanings. (2) Effortful Processing (a) Effortful processing- encoding that requires attention and conscious effort. (b) Rehearsal- the conscious repetition of information, either to maintain it in
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Chapter 8 Outline - Chapter 8 Outline PSYC 201: F18 1)...

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