Chapter 12 Outline

Chapter 12 Outline - Chapter 12 Outline PSYC 201: F18 1)...

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Chapter 12 Outline PSYC 201: F18 1) Personality a) Personality- an individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting. b) The Psychoanalytic Perspective i) Exploring the Unconscious (1) Free association- in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing. (2) Psychoanalysis- Freud’s theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques psychological disorders by seeking to expose and interpret unconscious tensions. (3) Unconscious- according to Freud, a reservoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. (4) Personality Structure (a) Id- contains a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives; operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification. (b) Ego- the largely conscious “executive” part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality; operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id’s desires in ways that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain.
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(c) Superego- the part of personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the conscious) and for future aspirations. (5) Personality Development (a) Psychosexual stages- the childhood stages of development during which, according to Freud, the id’s pleasure-seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones. (b) Oedipus complex- according to Freud, a boy’s sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father. (c) Identification- the process by which, according to Freud,
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Chapter 12 Outline - Chapter 12 Outline PSYC 201: F18 1)...

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