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September 3 - September 3, 2010 HSES 260 Effects of stress...

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September 3, 2010 HSES 260 Effects of stress Major body systems affected by stress: Immune System Both brief and long-term stressors impact the immune system. Cardiovascular System Long-term stress response can cause various forms of heart disease. Gastrointestinal System Common forms of stomach ailments can be related to stress. Psychological Wellness Forms of acute and chronic stress can contribute to the development of psychological illnesses. Mediators of the stress response Different people respond differently to stressors Factors that affect these responses could be past experiences and overall level of wellness Other critical areas include: Personality traits Habitual way of thinking Inborn or acquired attitudes toward the demands of life Dealing with Stress Resilience: being able to “weather” the storm. Looking at setbacks as temporary and motivation to improve in the future. Hardiness: Perceiving the demands of living as a challenge rather than a threat. Are committed to meaningful activities. Have a sense of control over their lives. General Adaptation Syndrome Hans Selye (1930’s) developed the GAS as an explanation of the physiological changes observed during a stress response. The process has three stages: Alarm Resistance Exhaustion The Relaxation Response Once the stressful situation is over, the other ½ of the ANS (parasympathetic nervous system) is responsible for deactivating the stress response.
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Homeostasis is a state of stability the body returns to once the stress response has been turned off. A stress response continuing without a relaxation response is called chronic stress, which increases the likelihood of illness or disease. Stress Reduction Strategies Time management Social support Healthy lifestyle Deep breathing Progressive relaxation Others… Mental Health The Teenage Brain By the age of 6, 95% of the brain is formed. A growth spurt in adolescence occurs in the frontal cortex, where the executive
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September 3 - September 3, 2010 HSES 260 Effects of stress...

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