2-16-06 - Racial Debate of the 1960�s

2-16-06 - Racial Debate of the 1960�s - Racial...

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Racial Debate of the 1960’s 2/16/06 1. Racial Debate a. To assimilate or not to assimilate b. Black artists, white management 2. Motown – Assimilationist Sound 3. Motown (Motor Town) Records i. Independent Record label begun in 1960 by Berry Gordy in Detroit – learned from the auto industry 1. Most successful years: 1960-66 ii. The Supremes become their most successful artists iii. House band: The Funk Brothers (James Jamerson on bass) 1. Studio band in L. A. featuring Carol Kaye on bass – a woman (!) b. Motown Formula for Success i. Crossover ideal: create “black music” sellable to a white audience ii. Long-term investment in local talent – very different from other record labels iii. Distinctive crossover upper-class look 1. The Temptations – highly controlled performance iv. Distinctive crossover pop sound 1. “Sweet” gospel basis: lead vocalist plus back up vocalists 2. Upbeat tempos 3. Reinforced rhythm section (hand clapping, foot stomping) 4. Melodious syncopated bass grooves
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2-16-06 - Racial Debate of the 1960�s - Racial...

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