09-15-05 - ii Epichoric Myth – Local myths or local...

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Mythology 9/13/05 Pre-Exam Notes: * Need to know dates (esp. page 5 of the CB) * Need to know about Homer from the Intro * Read pages 3-5 of the Theogony (info about the Muses) * Decreasing amount of “Sacred Time” throughout the Odyssey * Ethiopia is the last outpost of sacred time * Focus on when the Odyssey was written, what the poem means * Epichoric vs. Panhellenic Identities 1) Some Greeks v. All Greeks a) Language i) Many different dialects ii) All Greeks understand but none can speak in Epic dialect – exists only for epic performance b) Religion (1) All Greek feeling that there are tons of gods, 12 are important (The Olympians) - Zeus (2) All Greeks value Blood Sacrifice (3) Epichoric Identity says that one god is the protector (e.g. Athena in Athens) (4) Epichoric Identity places special emphasis on local specialty gods (e.g. Themis) (5) Epichoric ID places special emphasis on “Heroes” (6) Panhelenic ID only worships a couple heroes - HERCULES c) Myth i) Panhellenic Myth –
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Unformatted text preview: ii) Epichoric Myth – Local myths or local versions of myths 2) Greeks v. Non Greeks a) Believed by Greeks that their sacrifice was unique b) Believed that their 12 gods were unique c) Believed that their stories were unique 3) Similar People - Egyptians and Semites a) Greek was, perhaps, a related language to either language (According to Mankin – Bullshit!) b) Related, borrowed parts of civilization – art + architecture borrowed from Egyptians c) General similarities in stories and how they are told 4) Who did the Greeks have contact with a) Phoenicians? i) Greeks borrow the Phoenician alphabet ii) In the eastern Mediterranean b) Carthaginians i) In the south and western Mediterranean c) “Barbarians” i) Celts (1) To the north ii) Thracians, Scythians 5) Random notes on epic a) Greeks experienced myth in the forms of performance (song, specifically Epic), hard arts (temples, statues, vases, chamber pots)...
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