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09-05-05 - ix Give no training in challenging or exiting h...

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Psych 101 9/5/05 1. Blind Obedience to Authority a. “Astrogen” drug test i. Background 1. Dose was excessive 2. Phone orders not allowed for non pre-approved drugs 3. From unfamiliar doctor ii. Result 1. 21 out of 22 nurses followed orders 2. Diffusion of Responsibility a. Status of Authority (M.D.) b. Fear of Not Obeying b. Oliver North (Iran-Contra Scandal) i. “I did what I was told to do” c. Adolph Eichmann – Nuremburg Trials i. Ultimately a NORMAL person d. President Bush’s Warning at the Beginning of the Iraq War e. Inappropriate Behavior i. Stems from Personality ii. Stems from Situation f. Fundamental Attribution Error i. Emphasis on personality for behavior ii. Don’t make this error when we analyze our selves g. How can you perpetuate evil? i. Justifying actions with ideology ii. Authority justifies ideology iii. Rules have channel options (not ethical) iv. Situation permits taboo acts v. Initial acts trivial vi. Subsequent acts escalate gradually vii. Displace responsibility to the authority viii. Use strange novel settings
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Unformatted text preview: ix. Give no training in challenging or exiting h. The Dangers of Obedience by Harold Laski i. Freedom = skepticism for rules i. Social and Situational Influences on Critical Thinking and Behavior i. Anonymity 1. More likely to break social mores if no sense of community, like big cities a. Abandoned vehicles in Da Bronx b. Army tank c. The “mollified” tire changer d. New Orleans: Hurricane Katrina – looters 2. Moral Compass on Campus? ii. Dehumanizing of Targets 1. Can labels dehumanize? a. Deliver shocks to unseen college students from another institution b. Labels/stereotypes influence behaviors 2. Dehumanization on a national level iii. Reciprocity 1. Pressure to Reciprocate a. Ethiopia donates money to Mexico in 1985 b. “Free Gifts” Obligation c. Books and Flowers (Hari Krishna) d. Sample Goods (Amway) e. Address Stickers f. Reciprocal Concessions i. Huge favor? – No ii. Small favor – More likely...
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