09-13-05 - Brutalization - Brutalization 9/13/05 1. The...

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Brutalization 9/13/05 1. The Problem: Understanding and Army a. Early Post-World War II Questions i. How did the army remain a cohesive fighting from the beginning to the bitter end? 1. Until Korsk, Germany was on the offensive 2. After summer 1943, on the defensive 3. Leaders Keitel and Jodl convicted of crimes against humanity (e.g. Kommisarbefehl) b. Later Research i. Until late 1970’s, clean army + dirty SS ii. Scholars Streit and Bartov conclude that the army was also guilty of war crimes (killing civilians) iii. Babi Yar - Slaughter of Jews in a ditch outside of Kiev c. War Crimes i. Tradition of not committing war crimes is deep in most western armies ii. Types of Crimes 1. POW’s a. Red Cross (moral reason) b. Problem for Germans: took lots of prisoners need to deal with them 2. Killing Civilians without Necessity a. They shoot on you, you shoot back b. Kommissars? Jews? Did not shoot first 3. Starving Peasants a. Includes destroying kitchen utensils 4. Rape + Sexual Abuse
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This note was uploaded on 11/04/2010 for the course HIST 371 taught by Professor Weiss during the Spring '05 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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09-13-05 - Brutalization - Brutalization 9/13/05 1. The...

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