09-22-05 - Italy in World War II

09-22-05 - Italy in World War II - Italy in World War I 1...

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Italy in World War I 9/22/05 1. The First Fascist Nation a. WWI i. In World War I, very ambiguous in its position ii. Monarchy iii. Very divided between classes iv. 2/3 of the way through the war, socialist journalist Mussolini determines that there shall be a revolution in Italy v. At the end of the war, Italy was victorious, but did not get everything it wanted at the Paris peace conference (the pieces of the Adriatic that they wanted b. Post WWI i. Becomes decidedly anti-socialist, anti-communist ii. Fassi di Comuttimento – bully group of Italians iii. Fiume: Italians decide that this border town is part of Italy, D’Annunzio captures it c. Offer to become Prime Minister i. Victor Emmanuel II offers to make Mussolini Prime Minister ii. Attempt to crush the left successful d. “The Youth i. Attempt to build a fascist man akin to the Italian super commandos at the end of WWI ii. Creates the “arditi” 2. Fascism in Power a. Structure i. King in power ii. “Corporations”: All leaders of an industry work together for a state goal
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09-22-05 - Italy in World War II - Italy in World War I 1...

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