08-26-05 - Three Principle Phases of Greek Warfare

08-26-05 - Three Principle Phases of Greek Warfare - Three...

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Three Principle Phases of Greek Warfare: 1. Background – Greece in the 5 th Century a. Greeks have past the “military horizon” i. Tactics ii. Armies b. Wars between city-states (polis, poloi) i. Primarily, Athens and Sparta ii. What is a city state? 1. Small fortified city iii. Why? 1. Honor iv. “Limited War” 1. Limited in sense of how it was conducted 2. Usually one major battle rather than series of battles 3. Rarely occupation, rather instillation of favorable government c. Greek Society i. Economy 1. Prosperous a. Agricultural society b. High volume trade i. Wine and olive oil ii. Dependant on foreign 1. Grain 2. Metal 3. Timber 2. Colonization a. Ionia (Western Turkey) b. Southern Italy and Sicily 3. Highly developed nautical trade ii. Politics 1. Types of Governments a. (Limited) Democratic government in Athens i. Slaves ii. No female vote iii. 40,000 free males, 300,000 people total b. Oligarchies elsewhere – e.g. Sparta i. 10x as many people as Athens ii. Helots iii. Notes on Armies
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This note was uploaded on 11/04/2010 for the course HIST 360 at Cornell.

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08-26-05 - Three Principle Phases of Greek Warfare - Three...

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