08-31-05 - Middle Period, Pre-Peloponnesian War

08-31-05 - Middle Period, Pre-Peloponnesian War - Persian...

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Persian War, Continued First war ends with Athenian Victory at Marathon o Hoplites are true amateurs No real training Had other occupations besides war o Amateur leadership Revolving command No formal officer class o Persian War raises the stakes Larger political goads Would not give up or leave easily o Amateur hoplite armies were state-run, but not permanent military/political machine o Honor was extremely important Doing your part for the polis Answer to why the well-off would fight. Peltast – small shield Emperor Darius Emperor Xerxes o Persians build a bridge across the Hellespont o Battle of Thermopylae Narrow pass between mountains Easiest way to enter Attica, Corinth etc. Greeks consider a unified Greek response 7,000 hoplites block the pass At first, Persians make no headway Locals tell Persians how to make it through the mountains and attacks from the front and the back 300 Spartans stay until the last man, while the rest retreat
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This note was uploaded on 11/04/2010 for the course HIST 360 at Cornell.

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08-31-05 - Middle Period, Pre-Peloponnesian War - Persian...

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