Unformatted text preview: 2. Conquered the Mediterranean without much sailing 3. Some issues with pirates v. Faces numerous varied enemies vi. Romans had a harsh code of discipline 1. Huge rewards but ever-present possibility of death vii. Tactics 1. Creation of Legion-based army as a result of Rome’s sacking by Gauls in 390 BC 2. 5000 legions comprised of “maniples” 3. In principle, as early legions enter battle, the army attacked in waves by throwing older and older troops at the enemy 4. “Manipuler” legion 5. Cohort, another group of soldiers. By the 1 st Century BC, maniples have disappeared in light of cohorts, a group of three maniples 6. Romans assumed that maniples were too small and were already being grouped 7. Need an army small enough to live off the land, but large enough to not be overwhelmed 8. “Cohort” legion 2. Empire 27 BC – 411 AD a....
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- Ancient Rome, old Rome, numerous varied enemies