Roman - 1 Dacians – annoying problem in the Balkans ii Long term tendency for the Roman government to absorb their client states in hopes of

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Early Warfare – Rome 9/14/05 Empire Periods: 1. 30 BC – AD 68 2. 69AD - 180 1. Strategy of the Roman Empire a. Defense by a shield of city states b. Shift from hegemonic to territorial c. Cordon deployment – equal deployment of a force along a perimeter d. Forward defense i. Frontier Infrastructure – outposts ii. Mobile Units/armies – deployed behind the frontier in order to be moved around where needed e. Shorter Term Defense i. Hispania (Spain) ii. France (Gaul) f. “Limes” i. A frontier zone whose central purpose was communications g. Preclusive Security i. Securing yourself against something that hasn’t happened yet ii. E.G.: Making preemptive strikes against armies massing on borders 2. Why does the Roman Empire shift from Hegemonic to Territorial? a. Forward system is more expensive than b. Reasons i. Changes in conditions of internal security of the empire
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Unformatted text preview: 1. Dacians – annoying problem in the Balkans ii. Long term tendency for the Roman government to absorb their client states in hopes of ending security threats iii. Overall belief that the more surrounding states were Romanized, the safer Rome would be 3. “Net Disposable Power” a. Number of legions available to invade someone outside of the empire b. According to Littwak – had more in the first system because less was deployed 4. Threats a. Types of i. High Intensity: Potential for conquest (more damage), large force, unified army, ii. Low Intensity: Potential for raiding, small force, roving bands (unorganized) b. Varies a lot on whether or not people are united c. Depends a lot on what type of resources were available 5. How do we know about the Roman planning process?...
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This note was uploaded on 11/04/2010 for the course HIST 360 at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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