09-21-05 - Early China 9/21/05 1. Spring + Autumn Period...

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Early China 9/21/05 1. Spring + Autumn Period 722-481 (403) BC a. Battle of Ch’eng 632 B.C. i. Chin in the North, Ch’u in the south ii. Near the angle of the Yellow River iii. Archaeologists found a mass grave (100 people) with wounds from violent injury, such as battle b. Changes i. Political 1. Considerable conflict within states 2. States grow with greater and greater power 3. Either evolve or be destroyed 4. Search for more effective leaders 5. Rulers acquire more direct/greater control over resources of states a. Administrative system b. Conscription of men for military service 6. Law codes a. Confucian laws adapted b. Notoriously penal c. Allows for private ownership of land ii. Military 1. Larger infantry forces 2. Reduced role of chariots 3. Part of the new forces maintain a degree of permanent status 4. Decline in the monopoly of leadership + aristocratic military status 5. Iron increases in use greater effectiveness 6. Cavalry is introduced 7. Generally, an increase in strategic and tactical sophistication
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This note was uploaded on 11/04/2010 for the course HIST 360 at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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09-21-05 - Early China 9/21/05 1. Spring + Autumn Period...

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