Early Hundred Years War 11/11/05 1. Types of Bows a. Self – Longbow would be an example. Power of the bow comes from the type and quality of the wood b. Composite Reflex – The classic Asian, nomadic bow. Seen in the holy land by the Turks. Made “composite” by using two different types of wood. c. Crossbow – In common use, but suffers from its rate of fire drawback. Once it is made of tougher materials, like steel, it can be made to shoot powerfully enough to puncture steel. Works great for siege and besieging. 2. Comments on Keegan about the Longbow a. Not much use on continental armies, more so by English. b. 300 is the max range, need around 200 to kill someone. c. Awful lot of mythmaking around the longbow – 1) range, 2) draw rate (100 lbs seems a bit high), 3) rate of fire – 12 aimed arrows per minute 3. Battle of Crècy 1346 a. All three of the major battles, English assume a defensive position, because outnumbered, but one that is favored by the topography, usually woods. By being in a well protected spot, gives the French limited mobility and one where the archers shoot into a smaller area. Also, prevents the French from encircling and destroying the rear.
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