Germany in the 1920’s 4/17/06 1. Legacy of WWI a. Impoverishment b. Social decline for middle classes c. Revolution and political upheaval d. “Stab in the back” – never defeated in the field of battle e. Air of upheaval and strikes i. Reliance on labor unions and SDP to retain order 2. 1919: First truly democratic government is elected in Germany – Weimar Republic i. SDP wins the most votes ii. Use of excessive violence to quell revolution 3. Positive Aspects a. Weak compromise between business + labor, strong social welfare network b. Central Working Association: Business and workers come together to secure collective bargaining, returning soldiers to their old jobs, codifying the 8 hour work day c. Parliament gains control over economic policy, first comprehensive, non-military bureaucracy d. Unemployment insurance appears in 1927 e. Largest percentage of government funds going to social welfare programs 4. Negatives a. Large portions of Germany were not returned to German control
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This note was uploaded on 11/04/2010 for the course HIST 322 taught by Professor Smith,js during the Spring '06 term at Cornell.