Germany in the 1920’s4/17/061.Legacy of WWIa.Impoverishmentb.Social decline for middle classesc.Revolution and political upheavald.“Stab in the back” – never defeated in the field of battlee.Air of upheaval and strikesi.Reliance on labor unions and SDP to retain order2.1919: First truly democratic government is elected in Germany – Weimar Republici.SDP wins the most votesii.Use of excessive violence to quell revolution3.Positive Aspectsa.Weak compromise between business + labor, strong social welfare networkb.Central Working Association: Business and workers come together to secure collective bargaining, returning soldiers to their old jobs, codifying the 8 hour work dayc.Parliament gains control over economic policy, first comprehensive, non-military bureaucracyd.Unemployment insurance appears in 1927e.Largest percentage of government funds going to social welfare programs4.Negativesa.Large portions of Germany were not returned to German controli.
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