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Chapter 5 The self and interaction

Chapter 5 The self and interaction - Chapter 5 The self and...

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Chapter 5 The self and interaction Nature vs. nurture debate: the ongoing discussion of the respective roles of genetics and socialization in determination individual behaviors and traits - Socialization: the process of learning and internalizing the values, beliefs, and norms of our social group, by which we become functioning members of society o Teaches members the skills necessary against to satisfy basic human needs and defend themselves against danger society will continue to exist o Teaching the norms, values and beliefs associated with their culture and provides ways to ensure that members adhere to their shared way of life o Begins during infancy and is especially productive once a child begins to understand and use language Continues to shape us through experiences, such as school work, marriage and parenthood Self: individual’s conscious, reflexive experience of a personal identity separate and distinct from other individuals - Created and modified through social interaction over the course of a social lifetime The mind consist of three interrelated systems: Id: composed biological drives, is the source of instinctive, psychic energy - It’s main goal is to achieve pleasure and to avoid pain in all situations, which makes the id a selfish and unrealistic part of the mine Ego: deals with the real world, it operate on the basis of reason and helps to mediate and integrate the demands of both the id and the superego - Part of self that says, “Okay, this time the other guy won, but if I keep trying, I’m bound to get that raise eventually” Superego: composed of two components - Conscience: serves to keep us from engaging in socially undesirable behavior - Ego-ideal: upholds our vision of who we believe we should ideally be - The superego develops as a result of parental guidance, particularly in the form of the rewards and punishments we receive as children o It inhibits the urges of id and encourages the ego to find morally acceptable forms of behavior o Helps to suppress the urge to kill your competitor and keeps you working toward getting that raise in socially acceptable ways Each of these systems serves a different mental or emotional function, yet that all work together to keep the individual in a more or less healthy state of balance Psychosexual stages of development: four distinct stages of the development of the self between birth and adulthood, according to Freud. Each stage is associated with a different erogenous zone.
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