Sociology Lecture Notes - 04:14 SystemsofStratification...

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04:14 Systems of Stratification Titanic 1 st  class- 60% survival 2 nd  class- 36% survival steerage- 24% survival o bad odds  children in first, 2 nd  class survived (100% survival rate) o in steerage, only 36%  stratification w/ monetary determination people who benefit from stratification don’t want to acknowledge it, look at it. . in another system they might not have what they have makes them feel like they don’t deserve everything that they got people who are disadvantaged by it also don’t want to see it discouraging because it makes it look very difficult to change your  circumstances  What is stratification? Definition
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o A structured system that ranks entire groups of people in ways that  perpetuate unequal rewards and life chances in a society  Layer upon layer (like the earth) “strata”  ordered from top to bottom power and prestige go along with that order not distributed equally across all levels   some benefit, some  are disadvantaged  Formal stratification o Definition Stratification by law, explicitly set up by political system  o Slavery 3/5ths rule o Caste system India, Pakistan Societies where people are put into groups based on genealogy All societies do this to some extent BUT a caste system was  officially recognized Incredibly formal, rigid system  South African Apartheid system o Feudal system Long time ago  During the middle ages where society was organized around  properties, estates Estate owners and people who work the estates- two formally  recognized groups 
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o Not seen a lot anymore General idea that it is wrong Replaced by informal stratification  o Informal stratification o Social class Any group of people who share a similar economic position in society  based on their wealth and income Strictly economic term Wealth = property and assets, how much you have in the bank Income = how much money you earn in any given year Differences between blacks and whites are really in wealth  rather than income The idea of class is different than what it actually is By definition it is based on economics but people usually view it as  related to what a person actually does, how they behave  Phone guy w/ PhD Truck driver vs. teacher o Economically a truck driver is much higher clas Generally we include the idea of what kind of job a person has Prestige scores What type of education you have, where you got it from What your family did – inner generational residue of social class  Work for you or against you
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This note was uploaded on 11/03/2010 for the course SOC 45255 taught by Professor Crosnoe during the Fall '10 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Sociology Lecture Notes - 04:14 SystemsofStratification...

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