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sociologynotes.edu - Poverty Economic Inequality What is...

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Poverty & Economic Inequality What is Poverty? Absolute Poverty: Not having the minimal requirements (e.g., adequate food, shelter, and clothing) to sustain a reasonably healthy life. Relative Poverty: Living at standards lower than the majority of people in a given society. The Poverty Line: Average annual foot budget for adequate diet for family with X members multiplied by 3. The Poverty Rate Faces of the Poor Why Does Poverty Exist? Other Facts About the Poor 1/3 of poor adults are employed full-time 1/3 of poor received welfare Poverty rates are highest in South and West Poverty rates are higher in rural than urban areas Poverty rates are almost double for children than seniors Poverty is intermittent, not constant Why Does Poverty Exist? 1. Cultural Arguments 2. Structural Arguments 3. Meeting Ground II. Social Mobility Definition Movement of people or groups from one level to another Racial & Ethnic Inequality Overview of Race in the U.S.
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